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Turbo Package Manager


Starting on April 2024, turbo ceased to be supported and was removed. We offer built-in support for npm, pnpm, and yarn v1.

Support for native package managers out-of-the-box offers a lot of benefits. All features of your favorite package manager will be immediately available.

See our announcement post for more information.

WebContainers-based projects use Turbo as package manager. Turbo is our custom npm client and it works similarly to npm and yarn. For many commands, you can invoke npm or yarn directly and they will work as usual:

# install dependencies
npm install

# add a dependency
npm install lodash

# run `start` script
npm start

You can check all supported options with turbo --help.


Turbo relies on the package-lock.json file format from npm to read and write lockfiles. In particular, it uses the lockfileVersion: 2 format introduced in v7. When a valid package-lock.json is present, the installation process will be much faster.

Configuring Turbo

Turbo has many settings that can be configured in .turborc.json. Turbo reads and merges this configuration file in a cascading fashion:

  • From the global config in $HOME/.turbo/, and
  • From the current folder.

Some of the available options are:

  // the default log level for the CLI
  "loglevel": "info",

  // whether to show progress indicators
  "progress": true,

  //detect the usage of non-supported packages at installation time and swap them
  "disablePolyfills": true

Install Scripts

Turbo does not run install scripts for your dependencies. This increases the security of the installation process, and prevents the spurious errors arising from the differences between the underlying platform (WebContainers) and a local environment.

One of the main use cases of install scripts is driving the compilation of native add-ons. We instead favor usage of WebAssembly polyfills.

WebAssembly Polyfills

While WebContainers cannot use packages based on native add-ons, they absolutely can use packages based on WebAssembly (for instance, esbuild-wasm instead of esbuild). Using WebAssembly-based packages increases the portability and security of your code.

However, sometimes, packages using native code are deep within your dependency tree like, for instance, an image processing tool used by your bundler. Replacing those packages would not be feasible without significantly altering the configuration of your project. The Turbo registry is able to detect the usage of non-supported packages at installation time and swap them for you.

You can disable this behavior by setting disablePolyfills: true in .turborc.json. Note that whenever this replacement occurs, you will get an explicit log:

❯ turbo
┌ [1/3] 🔍  Resolving dependencies
└ Completed in 0.629s
┌ [2/3] 🚚  Fetching dependencies
└ Completed in 1.044s
┌ [3/3] 🔗  Linking dependencies
└ Completed in 0.068s
info Some packages were automatically replaced with polyfills.
For more information see
└─ esbuild@0.8.57 => esbuild-wasm@0.8.57

success Install finished in 2.468s

Missing Versions

It is worth noting that if the requested version is missing, turbo will install the original package instead. It's likely that your application will not work properly because a polyfill could not be installed where it's required. In cases like this, turbo will report this as a warning:

❯ turbo
┌ [1/3] 🔍  Resolving dependencies
└ Completed in 0.629s
┌ [2/3] 🚚  Fetching dependencies
│ warn applyPolyfills esbuild requires a polyfill but no matching version was found for 0.13.8.
└ Completed in 1.044s
┌ [3/3] 🔗  Linking dependencies
└ Completed in 0.068s

success Saved lockfile "package-lock.json"
success Updated "package.json"

success Install finished in 2.132s

If you run into issues, please submit an issue on GitHub.


LibSass and packages that are built on top of it, including node-sass, are officially deprecated. While it receives maintenance updates, there are no plans to add new CSS or SASS features. The team recommends to migrate your project to Dart Sass. For more information check out the SASS blog post.

For that reason, turbo excludes node-sass and its dependencies from installation, unless some are used by other dependencies in the graph.

If you're using node-sass you might see an output like this:

❯ yarn
warn preInstall No description field
warn preInstall No repository field
┌ [1/3] 🔍  Resolving dependencies
│ warn deprecation "node-sass" is deprecated and excluded from installation. It only receives maintenance
│ releases and there are no plans to add additional features or compatibility with any new CSS or SASS features.
│ It's recommended to migrate to "sass". Check out migration guide
└ Completed in 4.366s
┌ [2/3] 🚚  Fetching dependencies
│ info pruneDeps Excluding 1 dependency. For more information use `--verbose`.
└ Completed in 1.06s
┌ [3/3] 🔗  Linking dependencies
└ Completed in 0.066s

success Saved lockfile "package-lock.json"
success Updated "package.json"

success Install finished in 5.551s

The migration is straightforward for the most parts. Dart Sass exposes the same JS API but if you're using the CLI, you might need to change a few flags.

How do I migrate to Dart Sass?

  1. In your project's package.json, change node-sass to sass.

  2. If you're using the SassC CLI in one of your npm scripts, then you might need to change node-sass to sass as well. For example:

    node-sass styles.scss -o styles.css


    sass styles.scss styles.css

    For more information check out the Dart Sass Command-Line Interface.

  3. If you're using a third-party library which depends on node-sass, you may want to ask the maintainer to migrate to sass.

  4. Because LibSass is deprecated and has some behavioral variations from the Sass spec, you may need to make minor changes to your stylesheet if you migrate to Dart Sass. Here's a list of major compatibility issues.